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git config --global "Firstname Lastname"
git config --global ""
Setup SSH keys
# TLDR github example:
ssh-keygen -t rsa -C ""
in github -> settings -> SSH and GPG keys -> new key -> paste public key here

# Another way:
Test SSH keys
ssh -T
Connect to git repo
git remote add origin
git push origin master 
(if it doesn't work, then):
git pull --rebase origin master
git push origin master
Delete branches
# Delete remote branch
git push origin -d cleanup

# Delete local branch
git branch -D cleanup
Rename branches
# Rename local and remote branch
# Example: rename master to old-master
git checkout master
git branch -m old-master
git push origin :master old-master
git push origin -u old-master
Fix 'is unmerged' error
# ton@ubuntu:~/work/git/test-repo$ git checkout -- .
# error: path 'Dockerfile' is unmerged
# error: path 'Makefile' is unmerged

git reset Makefile
git reset Dockerfile
Clear all staged files
git restore --staged .
Discard local changes for specific file
git checkout path/to/file.cpp
# This can resolve for example an issue when doing "git pull origin master" to 
# feature branch: "Please commit your changes or stash them before you merge. ( Note: you will lose your changes )"
Prevent LF -> CLRF ( line breaks ) change on one repo
git config --local core.autocrlf false
Undo a merge before pushing
1. Check the commit hash with git reflog
#PS C:\work\git\example-branch> git reflog
#576e60f (HEAD -> master) HEAD@{1}: checkout: moving from feature-usb-support to master
#4fa9e62 (origin/master, origin/HEAD) HEAD@{4}: checkout: moving from feature-usb-led-support to master
#ca1499b (origin/feature-usb-led-support, feature-usb-led-support) HEAD@{5}: pull: Fast-forward
#b1f3ab7 HEAD@{6}: checkout: moving from feature-usb-support to feature-usb-led-support
#ead3f6e (origin/feature-usb-support, feature-usb-support) HEAD@{7}: checkout: moving from feature-usb-led-support to feature-usb-support
#b1f3ab7 HEAD@{8}: pull: Fast-forward
#fc2dced HEAD@{9}: checkout: moving from feature-usb-support to feature-usb-led-support
#ead3f6e (origin/feature-usb-support, feature-usb-support) HEAD@{10}: commit: Set LED on when communicating with devices
#83e438d HEAD@{11}: commit (merge): Merge LED handling changes.
#4fa9e62 (origin/master, origin/HEAD) HEAD@{13}: checkout: moving from feature-usb-led-support to master
#fc2dced HEAD@{14}: checkout: moving from feature-usb-support to feature-usb-led-support

git reset --hard 4fa9e62
Fix 'Failed to push some refs to..'
git push -u origin branch-name-here
# Some git providers throw this error for example when trying to push a new branch
Undo the last commit before pushing
# To undo and keep the changed made to files:
git reset HEAD^
# more? Error: Add " around HEAD^
Error: git reset "HEAD^"

# To undo and remove changes made to files:
git reset --hard HEAD^

# To remove last two commits and file changes:
git reset --hard HEAD~2
Discard untracked files
# List all:
git clean -n

# Delete ( directories and files ):
git clean -fd
Delete remote file ( keep locally )
git rm --cached <filename>
git rm --cached -r <dir_name>
git commit -m "Removed folder from repository"
git push origin master
Discard changes
git checkout -- .
Undo last local commit
# Undo:
git reset HEAD~

# Example:
git commit -m "Something terribly misguided"
git reset HEAD~
<< edit files as necessary >>
git add ...
git commit -c ORIG_HEAD
Resolve merge conflicts
# Example: conflict in merging feature branch 'io-sampler-optimizing' to 'develop' branch
1. git checkout develop
2. git pull
3. git checkout io-sampler-optimizing
4. git pull origin develop  # this creates the conflict lines in local files
5. Fix the conflicts
6. git add .
7. git commit -m "Resolved merge conflicts."
8. git push origin io-sampler-optimizing

# Some other tutorial:
Change branch name
# Rename your local branch.

# If you are on the branch you want to rename:
git branch -m new-name

# If you are on a different branch:
git branch -m old-name new-name

# Delete the old-name remote branch and push the new-name local branch.
git push origin :old-name new-name

# Reset the upstream branch for the new-name local branch.
# Switch to the branch and then:
git push origin -u new-name
Revert to specific commit
git revert a66b89f
Delete last pushed commit
git push -f origin last_known_good_commit:branch_name
Start SSH agent on Linux
eval $(ssh-agent)
ssh-add ~/.ssh/github/github-key
Fix issue where git keeps asking for user credentials
# Change this:
ton@mx-5:~/beaglebone-os$ git config remote.origin.url

# To this:
git config remote.origin.url ""
Fix issue with Changes not staged for commit
# I running this:
git checkout -- .

# Results in this:
Encountered 28 files that should have been pointers, but weren't:'

# Try this:
git rm --cached -r .
git reset --hard
git rm .gitattributes
git reset .
git checkout .
Emojis in commits
# Github commits support emojis, for example :wrench: is converted to:

# Example:
git commit -m ":wrench: Fixed a bug"

# Here are some more emojis
# Just add the ':' to start and end
๐Ÿš€ (rocket) - Deploying or releasing new features
๐Ÿ› (bug) - Fixing a bug
โœจ (sparkles) - Introducing new features
๐Ÿงน (broom) - Refactoring or cleaning up code
๐Ÿ“ฆ (package) - Updating or adding dependencies
๐Ÿ“ (memo) - Updating documentation
๐Ÿšง (construction) - Work in progress
๐Ÿ”ง (wrench) - Changing configuration files or tooling
๐Ÿ›  (hammer and wrench) - Making changes to the build process ortooling
โฌ†๏ธ (arrow up) - Upgrading dependencies
โฌ‡๏ธ (arrow down) - Downgrading dependencies
๐ŸŽ (horse) - Improving performance
๐ŸŽจ (art) - Improving UI/CSS styling
๐Ÿš’ (fire engine) - Addressing a critical issue or hotfix
โœ… (white_check_mark) - Adding tests
๐Ÿ”’ (lock) - Fixing security issues or improving security
๐Ÿ’š (green_heart) - Fixing CI/CD build
๐Ÿ’„ (lipstick) - Improving UI/CSS styling
๐ŸŒ (globe_with_meridians) - Internationalization and localization
โž– (heavy_minus_sign) - Removing code or files
โž• (heavy_plus_sign) - Adding code or files
๐ŸŽ‰ (tada) - Initial commit or major release
๐Ÿ’ก (bulb) - Adding comments or documenting source code
๐Ÿง (penguin) - Fixing something on Linux
๐Ÿ (green_apple) - Fixing something on macOS
๐Ÿ (checkered_flag) - Fixing something on Windows
๐Ÿ‘ฅ (busts in silhouette) - Adding contributor(s)
๐Ÿ”– (bookmark) - Releasing / versioning tags
๐Ÿšจ (rotating_light) - Fixing compiler/linter warnings